UN chief Antonio Guterres, a spokesperson for the UN, has revealed that nearly 4 million people have been forced to leave their homes since January 2021 due to worsening security making the place unsafe for inhabitation.
The sudden face-off between the Afghanistan government and the Taliban escalated as the US pulled back after fighting the terrorist group for two decades. Officially, the US would retreat by August 31, but taking back the entire US forces would end somewhere around September 2021.
Stephane Dujarric is the spokesperson for Secretary-General Guterres. He gave a more specific statistical insight into the number of displacements since last year. He reported that the conflict has displaced nearly 390,000 people.
According to him, the UN humanitarian colleagues have confirmed that 5800 IDPs or Internally displaced Persons have arrived in Kabul in a short span of one month. They seek safety and means of livelihood to support their families. The government has extended their support in providing shelter, food, water, sanitation, and other essential facilities needed for basic dignified life.
Dujarric said that most of the IDPs are staying in the open, dependent on the government’s support, while the others have taken refuge with their relatives. Ten teams were deployed for a first-hand account of the condition of the people staying in parks and open spaces.
The teams found 4,522 more people than expected who were displaced and needed shelter, food, sanitation, water, and other essentials. A temporary health clinic has been set up, and mobile teams provide basic health services to these people.
Humanitarian agencies and organisations are incessantly supplying people with essentials and other assistance despite a constant threat to their life. They have extended help to 7.8 million people in the first six months of 2021.
The United Nations, along with local and international agencies such as NGOs, are doing their best. Still, their efforts are hindered by bureaucratic backlogs and rigid procedures by the administration, staff safety protocols, parties, and funds.
Humanitarian Response Plan for Afghanistan has been capped to raise $ 1.3 billion. Still, it has received funds that make up only 38% of the fund, leaving it short for an additional sum of 800 million dollars.
Dujarric also said that Jean Arnault, The Secretary General’s Envoy on Afghanistan and Regional Issues, is in constant engagement with the representatives of Taliban and Afghan authorities in Doha.
Contingency plans are always updated if the UN has to evacuate its representative from there owing to the volatile conditions of the place. The security of staff is prioritised while extending help to the maximum number of people possible. As of now, over 300 international and 3000 Afghan nationals are working on a grass-root level as UN representatives, while most of them are working remotely due to COVID-19.